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Neem Oil
Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming
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Cancer: Taiwan, Malaysia ...
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A Heart Attack Can Be Pre...
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Pig Farming: Hot Useful T...
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Broiler Feed and Growth ...
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House Size For Chicken
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Has Anyone Tried Biochar?
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  Cancer: Taiwan, Malaysia Detect Ethylene Oxide In Indomie Noodles
Posted by: Henlus - 04-30-2023, 04:47 PM - Forum: Agric News - No Replies

Manufacturer protests as Taiwan, Malaysia detect ‘cancer-causing’ substance in Indomie noodles

Indofood, makers of Indomie instant noodles, has reacted to a recall of its products in Taiwan and Malaysia over an increased cancer risk.

Health officials in Malaysia and Taiwan said they had detected ethylene oxide, a compound, in Indomie’s “special chicken” flavor noodles.

Ethylene oxide is a colourless, odourless gas that is used to sterilise medical devices and spices and has been associated as a cancer causing chemical.

The ministry of health in Malaysia said it had examined 36 samples of instant noodles from different brands since 2022 and found that 11 samples contained ethylene oxide.

The ministry said it had taken enforcement actions and recalled the affected products. It is unclear if other brands were implicated.

The development came hours after the department of health in Taipei, Taiwan’s capital, said it detected ethylene oxide in two types of instant noodles, including the Indomie chicken flavor, following random inspections.
“The detection of ethylene oxide in the product did not comply with [standards],” the department said in a statement.

“Businesses have been ordered to immediately remove them from their shelves.”


Reacting to the allegations in a statement on Friday, Taufik Wiraatmadja, a member of the board of directors at Indofoods, defended the safety of the noodles.

Wiraatmadja said the noodles have received standard certifications and have been produced in compliance with international food safety regulations.

“Following the media reports in Taiwan on 24 April 2023 regarding the detection of ethylene oxide (“EtO”) in the Ah Lai White Curry Noodles from Malaysia and seasoning of Indomie Special Chicken Flavour, PT Indofood CBP Sukses Makmur Tbk (“ICBP” or the “Company”) as a subsdiary of PT Indofood Sukses Makmur Tbk wishes to provide explanation regarding Indomie, as follows,” the statement reads.

“All instant noodles produced by ICBP in Indonesia are processed in compliance with the food safety standards from the Codex Standard for Instant Noodles and standards set by the Indonesian National Agency for Drug and Food Control (“BPOM RI”). Our instant noodles have received Indonesian National Standard Certification (SNI), and are produced in certified production facilities based on international standards.

“ICBP has exported instant noodles to various countries around the world for more than 30 years. The Company continuously ensures that all of its products are in compliance with the applicable food safety regulations and guidelines in Indonesia as well as other countries where ICBP’s instant noodles are marketed.

“We would like to emphasize that in accordance with the statement released by BPOM RI, our Indomie instant noodles are safe for consumption.”

Nigeria is one of the highest consumers of the Indomie instant noodles.


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  A Heart Attack Can Be Predicted Even Months Before: Your Hair Warns You
Posted by: Henlus - 04-30-2023, 04:32 PM - Forum: Off-Topic - No Replies

Heart attacks are responsible for a huge number of deaths every year. For many people, heart attacks can strike without warning and be fatal. It can be hard to tell if you are at risk for a heart attack, and nearly impossible to predict. However, it has recently been discovered that it may be possible to predict a heart attack months before one occurs, by simply testing a sample of your hair for the stress hormone cortisol.
A heart attack or myocardial infarction occurs when heart muscles are suddenly deprived of oxygen-rich blood. This can occur for a few reasons, however, it most often happens as a result of coronary heart disease. This disease causes plaque to build up in the arteries, which eventually could cause a rupture inside of an artery, creating blood clots which could completely block the blood flow to the heart. Another, less common cause of heart attacks is when there is a spasm of one of the coronary arteries.

This results in a heart attack, and if the blood flow is not restored as quickly as possible, then permanent damage occurs to the heart muscle, and it begins to die. This could lead to heart failure and permanent damage, which could result in life-long difficulties.

There are a few warning signs that occur with a heart attack, including chest pain, shortness of breath, and pain or discomfort in the arms, back, shoulders, or the jaw. There could also be light headedness or dizziness, cold sweat, nausea, and fatigue.

Unfortunately, these symptoms only occur once the heart attack is happening. At this point, it can be too late. However, there may be a way to find out if a heart attack is looming months in advance.
According to an Israeli-Canadian study, chronic stress is a huge factor in heart attacks, and a predictor for this can be found by studying the stress hormones levels in hair. The hormone cortisol which is secreted during times of high stress can be measured in the blood, urine, and also the hair.

Since hair grows slowly, on an average of one centimeter per month, a lot of information can be stored in the strands. A six-centimeter-long hair sample can show the cortisol levels over that six month time period, and may signal if someone is at risk due to high levels of stress.
These findings were based on the Israeli-Canadian study, which took hair samples from a group of people who had suffered heart attacks, and also from a control group who had no heart issues. It was found that the concentrations of cortisol in the hair of the first group were elevated in the three months before their episodes.

Although this is a new study, it does show promise as a method of testing for determining whether a patient is at risk of a heart attack. If anything, it can show when cortisol levels are increased, and can be taken as a sign to slow down and de-stress.

Source: tophealthnews.net

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  How to Generate Electricity from Dirty Water Using Microbes
Posted by: FarmTech - 02-19-2023, 07:20 PM - Forum: Renewable Energy - No Replies

Do you know that any dirty water (waste water)  containing micro organisms can be used to generate electricity? The dirty water can be manure slurry, waste water from agro processing, urine, brewery wastewater, kitchen wastewater etc. This can be achieved using a microbial fuel cell (MFC). So how did scientists achieve this feat?

One of the simplest setup consist of a 2 chamber container. The chambers are separated by a membrane which can be a costly material like Nafion or a cheap one like earthenware. Two electrodes are placed in the chambers and connected to a load (such as LED lights, sensors etc) using copper wires. One of the electrodes is called the anode (negative) and the other a cathode (positive). The anode chamber is filled with wastewater and sealed to prevent oxygen from entering while the cathode chamber is open to air.

[Image: mfc-2-chambers.jpg]

The anode can be made from graphite, carbon brush (best), carbon cloth, carbon veil, stainless steel mesh etc. The cathode can be made from activated carbon (AC), modified activated carbon, AC mixed with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and pasted on a stainless steel mesh, carbon black, carbon black modified with aerogel, carbon nanotubes (CNT), carbon nanofibers (CNF) graphene etc.

Don't let these names scare you though. Some of them are quite simple to obtain. For example, you can use the lead in pencil as graphite. You can make activated carbon by treating charcoal with chemicals like lemon juice, bleach, potassium hydroxide, calcium chloride, phosphoric acid etc.

What happens in a MFC is that microbes attached to the anode surface will eat organic matters and produce:

1. Carbon dioxide (CO2)
2. hydrogen ions H+ and
3. electrons.

The electrons will flow externally from anode to the cathode as follows: from the microbes to the anode; anode to copper wire; copper wire to the load and load to the cathode. This electron flow generate electricity that powers the load.

Internally, the hydrogen ions will flow to the cathode chamber through the separating membrane where it will combine with electrons and oxygen to form water.

One disadvantage of microbial fuel cell (MFC) is their low power output. A MFC with a 1 square meter anode surface area will produce only about 0.4 miliwatt depending on the type and components used. You need about 1 watt (1000 miliwatt) to light up a high power LED light. So a MFC needed to light up this LED will need to have an anode surface area of about 2500 square meter (Roughly one-third of a football field!). But there is hope due to new scientific advances that have been made after years of research. By using specially made electrodes and more effective configurations, power output have been  boosted (up to 2 watts per square meter!). By connecting the output of many MFC in series or parallel, MFCs have been successfully used to power LED lights and even charge mobile phones.

Pic of 1w Led
Pic of series parallel

Soil-based microbial fuel cells
In this type of MFC, the anode is buried few centimeters in the soil while the cathode rest on top of the soil (or it is slightly buried), and is exposed to air. The soil must be wet and rich in organic matters like dead leaves, manure etc.

[Image: SoilMFC.png]
A Soil Microbial Fuel Cell

Plant microbial fuel cells
This one is similar to soil-based microbial fuel cells. Just that plants are grown in the soil. The plant roots will secrete nutrients that will feed soil microbes. These microbes will release electrons that will produce electricity. As a result of this feeding of microbes, plant MFC will generate more electricity than soil-based MFC.

[Image: plant-mfc.jpg]
A Plant Microbial Fuel Cell

Apart from generating electricity, MFC can be used to remove excess nutrients from wastewater and reduced its biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) before releasing it into rivers and streams. Excess nutrient can cause algae bloom in rivers, streams and oceans. This is a situation where algae, a type of water plant, will grow fast and cover the water surface. Then they will die and decay. As they decay, they use up water oxygen and cause fish and other water creatures to die in masses.

Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) is the amount of oxygen required by microorganism to breakdown organic matters. If you release wastewater into water bodies without first treating them, microorganisms will use more oxygen to breakdown the organic matters. This will kill or stress water creatures.

MFCs have also been used to remove pollutants like antibiotics, metal ions etc from wastewaters.

There are 3 other variants of MFC, namely microbial electrolysis cell (MEC), microbial desalination cell (MDC) and microbial electrosynthesis.

1. Microbial Electrolysis Cell (MEC): In this cell, microorganisms and an external power supply are used to produce hydrogen gas. Part of the electricity comes from microbes and the rest comes from an external power supply like battery. Thus less energy input is required.

[Image: m-electrolysis.jpg]
Microbial Electrolysis Cell

2. Microbial Desalination Cell (MDC): Here, microbes are used to turn salty water into fresh, drinkable water. According to wikipedia, only 0.3% of the earth's water supply is usable for human consumption, while over 99% is sequestered by oceans, glaciers, brackish waters, and biomass. With MDC, these unusable water can be made fit for human use. 
[Image: desalination.jpg]

A Microbial Desalination Cell

There are other ways to desalinate salty water such as reverse osmosis, nanofiltration etc. But MDC is preferable because of its lower costs, energy and environmental impacts.

3. Microbial Electrosynthesis: This is where microbes are feed carbon dioxide (CO2) and electricity to produce chemical products like acetic acid, ethanol, butanol, butyric acid, hexanoic acid and hexanol. This can be achieved while treating wastewater. This is important because CO2 is the major cause of global warming.  Unfortunately, this technology is still at an infancy stage.

[Image: electrosynthesis.jpg]
Image Source: Researchgate.net

A typical MES setup consists of two chambers, namely anodic chamber and cathodic chamber; separated by a proton exchange membrane (PEM) that allows the protons to migrate from the anodic to the cathodic chamber. At the anode, water molecules split into protons, electrons, and gaseous oxygen. The oxygen escapes the anodic chamber, protons are transferred to the cathodic chamber through the PEM, and the electrons are drawn to the cathode through an external circuit. In the cathodic chamber, the electrons and protons or energy carriers such as such as hydrogen and CO2 are combined by biocatalysts (eg acetogen microbes) to produce primarily volatile fatty acids (VFAs) like formate, acetate, butyrate, etc. An external power supply is needed to achieve this.

The world have gone a long way technologically. But it seems like Africa is left behind mainly due to lack of research fundings.

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  New Scam In Town - Lagos & Portharcort
Posted by: Henlus - 01-05-2023, 07:10 PM - Forum: Off-Topic - No Replies

My in-laws brother was recently scammed.
He was told to pay 600k for a job in a company and that his salary will be paid in dollars every week.

He sold all he had and left for Lagos without consulting any family member. He was welcomed by his so called employers and ushered into a building that looks like an office. After paying the fees he was held hostage and striped off every belongings and kept in a room. There he saw other victims being used by these so called employers.

His line was not connecting, they give him the phone to communicate when they want to pass any information in their favour and after that no more phone call, the victim might even be forced to tell you that he is very busy that's y you he can't be reached anytime until he calls back.

They use these victims held hostage to convince family members or friends to come over and take the job/business offer.

As soon as you get there, they strip you off every belongings, seize you phone and collect the money you brought. Once you are there they threaten to kill you if you don't corporate with them. They will tell you call a family member or friend and tell them about the business/job and that you have started benefiting.

In my in-laws brother's case, his escape from where he was kept hostage was a miracle. He is back to zero.

Please share this information with your family and friends so that non will fall victim.

Thank you.


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  New Scam In Town - Lagos & Portharcort
Posted by: Henlus - 01-05-2023, 07:10 PM - Forum: Off-Topic - No Replies

My in-laws brother was recently scammed.
He was told to pay 600k for a job in a company and that his salary will be paid in dollars every week.

He sold all he had and left for Lagos without consulting any family member. He was welcomed by his so called employers and ushered into a building that looks like an office. After paying the fees he was held hostage and striped off every belongings and kept in a room. There he saw other victims being used by these so called employers.

His line was not connecting, they give him the phone to communicate when they want to pass any information in their favour and after that no more phone call, the victim might even be forced to tell you that he is very busy that's y you he can't be reached anytime until he calls back.

They use these victims held hostage to convince family members or friends to come over and take the job/business offer.

As soon as you get there, they strip you off every belongings, seize you phone and collect the money you brought. Once you are there they threaten to kill you if you don't corporate with them. They will tell you call a family member or friend and tell them about the business/job and that you have started benefiting.

In my in-laws brother's case, his escape from where he was kept hostage was a miracle. He is back to zero.

Please share this information with your family and friends so that non will fall victim.

Thank you.


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  Supporting LGTBQ is not how to show love
Posted by: Henlus - 12-18-2022, 08:59 PM - Forum: Religion - Replies (1)

Many Christians say life is all about “Loving God and loving one another,” probably because that is literally the mission statement of many local churches. There is nothing wrong with that. After all, Christ said these are the two greatest commandments. The problem for these professed Christians and visible churches is that they seem to rarely ever define biblically what it means to love God and love one another. Hint, this is not it, Amy.

Loving God means having genuine affection for Him in your heart because of His great mercy in Christ, which leads to you keeping His commands by the power of His Spirit.

Loving one another means helping other people love God by having genuine affection for Him because of His great mercy in Christ, which leads them to keep His commands by His Spirit.

This photo represents nothing of the sort.

Those who truly love God hate sin and love righteousness. They never rightly celebrate what is wicked. Those who love neighbor call them to repent and believe on Christ. Those who love neighbor call them to bend the knee to Christ. Those who love neighbor call them to glorify Christ. Those who love neighbor never encourage them either passively or actively in their sin.

This is Christianity 101, saints.

phesians 5:11-14
Take no part in the unfruitful works of darkness, but instead expose them. For it is shameful even to speak of the things that they do in secret. But when anything is exposed by the light, it becomes visible, for anything that becomes visible is light. Therefore it says,
“Awake, O sleeper,
and arise from the dead,
and Christ will shine on you.”

Whoever says to the wicked, “You are in the right,” will be cursed by peoples, abhorred by nations, but those who rebuke the wicked will have delight, and a good blessing will come upon them.
Proverbs 24:24‭-‬25 ESV

The "truth" the way the world loves, is not the same love God is talking about. The world may use Biblical language but that does not make them saved.

How to tell you don’t love God:

His laws are burdensome.

1 John 5:3

[3] For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments. And his commandments are not burdensome.

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  Pig gave birth prematurely
Posted by: Trimex - 10-19-2022, 10:30 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (2)

Hello everyone.
Please what could be the cause of a sow giving birth prematurely, 3 weeks before the time?

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Thumbs Up Nematicides Question
Posted by: Hunter - 10-19-2022, 09:29 AM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - Replies (12)

Hello house. What are the available nematicides in nigeria for use in crop farming?

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  Broiler Feed and Growth Chart
Posted by: Henlus - 10-09-2022, 10:56 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (6)

Common questions I see people ask are:
How much weight does a broiler gain per week? Or
How much feed would broiler consume for 7 weeks?

Well, the chart below will help you to calculate that. Cheers.

[Image: broiler-feed-and-growth-chart.jpg]

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  Catfish Feed Formulae
Posted by: Danny - 10-09-2022, 06:25 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (1)

Below is a sample catfish feed fmlae I got from a training manual:

[Image: catfish-feed-formulae.jpg]

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  Comedy Skits Objectify Women - Fr Kelvin Ugwu
Posted by: Henlus - 10-09-2022, 01:42 PM - Forum: Religion - No Replies

A lot of the comedy skits we consume online are basically objectifying women. You can go through most of the online comedians you know and see for yourselves. If it is not about big buttøcks or breasts, it will be about who will follow a man to the bedroom due to the type of car he has.

It used to be music videos that were leading in this regard, but comedy skits have taken it to another level because of how handy and how easy people share them on social media.

Through jokes, while we laugh, messages are passed. And since we regard them as comedies, even kids are not restricted to watch. Today, the desire to do surgery and make the h!ps or breasts bigger is now fashionable. It is now common to hear people discussing, “When will you do your Nyånsh” or “Which doctor did your nyånsh?”

Teenagers in secondary schools are now standing before the mirror at any given time to see if their buttøcks have increased. Almost every comedy skit about buttøcks and breasts has millions of views.

As a priest, I may have my reservations from a moral point of view, but even if you are not looking at it from the moral perspective, you should at least be concerned that women are now priced based on the sizes of their buttøcks and breasts. That is objectification and a lot of it are coming from comedy skits.


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  Pig Feed Formulae
Posted by: Henlus - 10-07-2022, 05:28 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (7)

I will like to share with you guys this pig feed formulae that gave high growth rate of 721g per day. But note that improved pig breeds were used and that matters a lot. Feeding local hens quality feed will not make them grow like broilers. You get it?

Pig breed used in the research was a hybrid of Yorkshire-Hampshire-Landrace-Duroc. But you can use other improved breeds with good result. And here is the feed:

Sweet potato leaves and stems were chopped and fed to the pig adlibitum (that is, it was made available at all times). In addition to this, a protein supplement was given at 1.6kg per pig per day till they reach 60kg body weight. Let's call this "feed 1". Initial body weight at the start of the experiment was about 30kg.

From 60kg body weight to 90kg body weight, "feed 2" is given at 1.8kg per pig per day.

Formulae for feed 1 is:
Maize: 52kg
Soybeans meal: 31.4kg
Palm oil: 12.5kg
Limestone (calcium carbonate): 0.8kg Calcium phosphate: 2.5kg
Salt: 0.5kg
Vitamin-mineral premix: 0.2kg

Feed formulae 2 is:
Maize: 57.2kg
Soybeans meal: 26kg
Palm oil: 12.5kg
Limestone (calcium carbonate): 0.87kg Calcium phosphate: 2.49kg
Salt: 0.5kg
Vitamin-mineral premix: 0.2kg DL-Methionine: 0.03kg
DL-Lysine: 0.15kg

So if you are a potato farmer, you can consider using the diet above to fatten pigs. One way to guarantee constant supply of sweet potato leaves is by ensilaging it with corn/cassava flour.

In the experiment, the diet above was compared to a costly control diet. Control diet formula 1 fed till 60kg body weight is shown below:
Maize: 78kg
Soybeans meal: 17.4kg
Palm oil: None
Limestone (calcium carbonate): 0.586kg Calcium phosphate: 2.42kg
Salt: 0.5kg
Vitamin-mineral premix: 0.2kg DL-Methionine: None
DL-Lysine: 0.6kg

Control Diet 2 fed from 60kg to 90kg body weight is:
Maize: 78.8kg
Soybeans meal: 17.4kg
Palm oil: None
Limestone (calcium carbonate): 0.58kg Calcium phosphate: 2.42kg
Salt: 0.5kg
Vitamin-mineral premix: 0.2kg DL-Methionine: None
DL-Lysine: 0.06kg

The control diets gave an average of 779g body weight gain per day and a feed conversion ratio of 2.52kg per kg gain.

Source: http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd15/9/gonz159.html

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  How to Prevent Sow from Killing Her Piglets
Posted by: Manger - 10-02-2022, 10:03 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (1)

A sow can kill some or all of her piglets. The following can contribute to it:

1. Unclipped Piglets Teeth: Piglets have very sharp teeth. When they bite the sow's nipple with it, she might kill or injure them. So clip their teeth as early as 15 minutes old using tooth clippers or pliers or forceps.

2. First-time Mothers: It is more common with sows that are giving birth for the first time.

3. Stress: Stressful conditions like noise, fear, limited space, poor pen conditions etc may cause it. So keep sows in peaceful and clean environment. Leaving the lights on at night have been found helpful by a science study (16-24 hours of light per day).

Changing pen a day or two before farrowing (giving birth) can be stressful for the sow. Do so at least 3 days or more before farrowing so that she get use to the new territory.

If the sow is aggressive towards the piglets while giving birth, separate the piglets from her until she finish farrowing.

4. Nutritional Deficiency: Nutrient deficiency can cause it. So make sure to feed balanced feed with adequate level of protein.

5. Human Behaviour: If you or your workers are aggressive towards the sow, she may transfer it to her piglets.

If your sow is in the right area and have the right feed and yet kept on killing her piglets, sell her off asap because they will likely do it again.

Sometimes, sows can kill piglets unintentionally by lying on them, stepping on them or during birth. In these cases it is not their fault.

After mating period, restrict feeding because fat sows are problematic. Disadvantages include high embryonic mortality, small number of piglets, birth complications, crush piglets, reduce feed intake during subsequent lactation and they are less prolific at the next parity. To prevent over feeding, pregnant sows are feed 3 types of diets, namely:
1. Early gestation diet (day 0–30)
2. Mid-gestation (day 30–75) and
3) late gestation (approximately the last 45 days)

Although many Nigerian pig farmers don't practice most of these things, you will have an edge over them if you do more research and practice them. Thanks

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  CBN Goes After States, Farmers Over ₦600 Billion Unpaid Loans
Posted by: Hippo - 09-29-2022, 09:04 PM - Forum: Agric News - No Replies

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has begun an aggressive drive to recover the loans it gave out under its development finance interventions.

Top on the list of debtors are state governments whose monthly Federation Account Allocation Committee (FAAC) accruals are already being debited directly every month. The deductions will last six months.

Director, Development Finance of the CBN Yusuf Yila, who disclosed this during a post-Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) in Abuja yesterday, did not name the debtor states.

Yila, who named the Anchor Borrowers Programme (ABP) and Commercial Agric Credit (CAC) as some of the intervention programmes, said: “Every person(s) or state that took that loan (ABP) is going to pay. We have their BVN.”

Such persons referenced by Yila are smallholder farmers, who received funds for farming from state governments via the ABP, but have yet to pay them back.

The CBN director added that the apex bank was collaborating with the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) to ensure that the loans were recovered.

Yila said while the ABP loan repayments were particularly poor, that of CAC was almost excellent.

Under the ABP, the CBN gave out about N1 trillion but recovered only N400 billion. But under the CAC, the bank. lent out about N800 billion and recovered N700 billion.

His words: “We have started recovering loans from state governments. We have been doing a loan workout programme with them and we are debiting their monthly FAAC accruals directly for the loans.

“If a state government has taken N1 billion and is already in default, over a six-month period, we debit them N150 million every month. So, we’ve started that programme..

“So, every single loan that has been given out through any of our intervention programmes must be paid back.

“There is absolutely no mercy. We have started; we are in recovery mode. At the development finance department, we have begun to recover the loans.”

“There is the ABP which is a primary consumption element of our interventions. We lent out N1 trillion for the ABP of which we have gotten over N400 billion back.

“Every single person or state that took that loan (ABP) is going to pay. We have their BVN. In fact, we have started implementing the Global Standing Instruction (GSI).

“We will continue to pull the account in the bank that they lent to or whichever bank that they have account. Anytime we see money in that account, we will recover it.

“We are working with the EFCC. The CBN governor has approved the collaboration with the EFCC on loan recoveries.”

Yila also said that credit facilities extended to businesses and individuals have not performed poorly.

According to him, out of the N9 trillion intervention fund to spur economic growth, about N5 trillion is still under moratorium.

Another staff member of the CBN, who did not want his name in print, said there was “an intervention facility that state governments accessed for projects but had failed to pay back.”.

He explained that “the CBN wrote to the states reminding them of payment as per our recovery drive but they decided to fight back by seeking the reduction of the bank’s powers.”.

The staff member made reference to the debate by the Senate on Tuesday on whittling down the powers of the CBN governor.

The Director, Banking Supervision of the CBN, Haruna Mustapha, spoke on the implications of Tuesday’s interest rate hike by the apex bank.

Mustapha said that “banks will make more profit from interest charged on loans and will reprice existing loans to borrowers.”

This, according to him, “will be transferred to bank customers and this will add to cost of borrowing. “

Adding that “interests on government securities will also go up, ” he said the CBN has given approval to banks to increase interest on savings deposits to 30 percent effective.

“We increased it from 10 percent to 20 percent and it stands to reason that since we hiked MPR yesterday(Tuesday) to 15.5 percent, it will change the equation. The effective date is September,” Mustapha said.

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Thumbs Down The 4 Broiler Breeds And The Ones That Grow Taller And Fatter In Shorter Time
Posted by: Donk - 09-05-2022, 10:25 AM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (4)



Am going to be talking about the 4 best types of broiler breed we have in Nigeria and the hatchery that produces them, the advantages they have over themselves and you get to know which you should go for when you are ready to start poultry farming.

The 4 best Broilers are
1)ROSS 308.
2)COBB 500.

1)ROSS 308.
The Ross 308, they don't grow very tall and are always short but very fat, they can withstand cold but they hate heat.Ross 308 grows faster than other broilers breed. They have a good conversion ratio and are more suitable to be raised for 4-6weeks and then sell them off. they can weigh up to 2.5kg at 5WEEKS of age. The hatcheries that produce them include SAYED AND AGRITED HATCHERY.

2)COBB 500.
Not as fast-growing as the Ross 308, but they grow taller than Ross 308. They can’t withstand cold and often sneeze and contact chronic respiratory diseases(CRD) easily even when they are still a day old chick. They are also strongly resistant to heat more than Ross 308. And more agile and resistant to diseases.
Hatcheries that produce COBB 500 include ZARTECH, OLAM, CASCADA, AND NPG.

They are more similar to Ross 308 and can weigh up to 2.7kg At 6 weeks of age, they have an average daily weight gain of 93 g and an average daily weight gain of 79g at 8 weeks of age under good conditions. They are also more resistant to diseases.
Hatcheries that produce ARBOR ACRE ARE AMO, CHI, AND FIDAN.

The only disadvantage is that Marshall doesn’t grow up fast like the other breeds do but they are the broilers that grow the tallest among the broilers breed. And they are more required during the celebration period because of their physical appearance. They can stay up to 12 weeks before you can start marketing to sell them.

I will be informing you more about the different types of broiler breeds and the ones more suitable for you to raise to get the best results in my Facebook Group.
To know more about the different broilers Click the link below to join my Facebook group

[Image: broiler-breeds-detailed.jpeg]

[Image: broiler-breeds.jpeg]

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  The Warning God Gave Me After I Began To Write Worldly & Ungodly Scripts - Mike Bamil
Posted by: Manihot - 08-24-2022, 10:28 PM - Forum: Religion - No Replies

Popular Gospel Actor and Evangelist, Mike Bamiloye in a recent post on his official Facebook page spoke about why Christians should use their gifts and talents for God. He titled it "Gifted For The Kingdom Reason."

Several years ago, before I entered the ministry, during our church convention, I was standing outside the large church building on that Sunday morning, when a very famous music minister was called upon to come out and minister to us in song. She walked out to the front, grabbed the microphone and began to sing. Shortly, the whole place became electrified with the presence of God. I and a lot of others were standing outside the church building because there was no longer space inside to sit. The anointing that morning was so heavy upon the congregation as the voice of that woman rent the hallowed chamber of the large hall.

As he listened to the songs she sang, he could not control himself anymore when he began to sob in tears and pray: " LORD, you are using a woman, use me too. I want to serve You. Use me too..." This was all he was praying in tears when he suddenly began to hear His voice coming up from me. He heard God plainly speaking to him, "I will use you if you surrender your gift at my feet." "That was the contention, my Gift, my talents. I was a gifted writer. I wrote drama scripts and novels. But many of the things I wrote at that time were non-christian literary pieces," he said.

Speaking further, he said that when the Lord was talking to him that morning, his heart went directly to the drama scripts he had just written which were not Christian stories, but mere mortal, theatrical secular themes. He heard Him that morning, telling him to stop using his writing gift to write whatever he liked. "And I was crying because I was told to stop writing all I was writing if I would be used by God. I didn't want to stop writing those theatrical dramatic pieces; I didn't want to stop writing those adventurous and investigative novels that profited the Heavens nothing," he said.

In order to convince God otherwise or please Him, he adopted another strategy. He began writing Bible stories in dramatic form but with traditional secular themes, that had no reference to God or any spiritual lessons. He was glued to this gift and it had become an idol to him. He found it difficult to submit it at the feet of Christ and could not do what the Lord was demanding from him. He continued in this till one morning, the Lord showed him in a dream, that unless he obeyed Him and go urgently to withdraw those scripts from the publishing companies that had offered and prepared to publish them, the devil would use the published books to rubbish his ministry later in life and He would not be able to do what He wanted to do in my life and ministry.

He then woke up in the morning and told his wife that he needs to travel to those publishers. He went to them and met one of the Publishing Directors who was, incidentally, in charge of that particular script. She was a woman and he told her what he had come to do which was to withdraw his script from publishing. He never wanted it to be published again. She tried to persuade him, but he stuck to his request. She said she was also a Christian, but there was nothing bad in the script but he stuck to his demand. At last, she agreed and said she would table the matter before the management and send the manuscript to him. She presented a document to him and he signed and left the place. A week later, he got the script back. I was relieved and then told the Lord, "I hereby submit all my gifts at your feet." And that was all.

Therefore, every gift is deposited in a person's life by God for the Expansion of the Kingdom of God, it is not meant to serve your pleasures and neither was it given to you to do whatever you like with it.

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  Japan to partner Anambra in vegetable production, exportation
Posted by: Hunter - 08-12-2022, 05:23 PM - Forum: Agric News - No Replies

Japan has indicated interest in partnering Anambra farmers in cultivation, processing and exportation of ugu, onugbu and other vegetables with Nimo, Abatete, Oraukwu, Nawfija and Ogbunka communities lined up as pilot centres under Phase I.

The collaboration was attracted by the state government under the auspices of Small Holder Horticultural Empowerment and Promotion (SHEP) while Japanese participation to be sponsored by Japan International Agency (JICA).

Commissioner for Agriculture, Dr. Foster Ihejiofor, disclosed this yesterday while declaring open a three-day training for extension agents selected from the four agricultural zones of the state.

Describing the partnership as an indication of Japan’s endorsement of Gov. Chukwuma Soludo’s agricultural development policies, Ihejiofor also explained the collaboration as timely in calibrating Anambra’s economy through food sufficiency.

Explaining that the programme will focus on domestication of production and processing of vegetables, as well as distribution to ready markets in Nigeria and abroad by Anambra farmers, the commissioner urged the extension agents to see themselves as primary drivers of regenerative agriculture practice in line with the state government’s new farming templates.

Also speaking, Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) Manager, Jude Nwankwo promised that in the second phase of the partnership, the state government will double the number of benefitting communities, using Government Cash Counterpart Contribution (GCCC) funding.

Credit: Anambra Current News

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  I WANT TO GO BACK - Pastor Dr Paul Enenche
Posted by: FarmTech - 08-12-2022, 05:04 PM - Forum: Religion - No Replies

I Need to go back to those days when salvation Message was More important than Prophecy.

Take Me back to those days when Sex Out of Wedlock was seen as a taboo not now when Sex is an Appreciation gift.

Can i go back to those days when pregnancy Outside Marriage was a shame to Families not now that it is a way of life.

Is there Anybody who know the Road to those Days? When descent dressing was the identity of responsibility not now when there is no difference between a Lunatic, a Mechanic and a Sane Man.

Where are those days when the beauty of a Woman was Found to proper dressing first, not now when an Average woman want to appear naked.

Please Can we find those days, when Divorce was a derogatory Language among Christians, not today when broken Marriages are now Celebrated.

i wish i Can go back to those days when true love was build on Sacrifice and trust not now when love is hanging on Sexual Capability and Money.

Where are those days when Men of God we're afraid of God and live by the word not now when they teach a different thing and live a different life style of their Choice.

Please wake Me up from this Sleep when we arrive at that world where Rapture and Resurrection was the Major Focus of the Church not now that Materialism is the Center Focus.

Have we really forgotten those days when if a Member of a Church fall into temptation, the Church will Cry and pray for his/her Restoration, not today when a Member will Commit a sin and the Church will give such one a position in the Church as long as he/she has Money.

Where are those days when Men will pray until they get Results, not now when all they want is Prophecy even when the said Prophecy has no Solution Or Mandate to Redeem .

Am looking for those days when so many Girls were Rejected and beaten up by their Parent's, some lost their Education while others were Cajoled by their Mates because they refuse to Compromise and they gave up all for Christ, not this days when Man's way of life is More important than God's way, and going to heaven is a dream for the lost.

I just remember those days when parents wanted their Children to Marry born again Christians, not today when parents want their daughter to marry Money bags even if they are Ritualists.

i weep and pray that the Owner of the Church will not Come and Meet his Church like this because Many Saints who has gone will feel disappointed and the Church itself May not Make the Rapture.

please help your church
Please help us all.....Amen !

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  Do Not Waste Your Life Doing Boyfriend & Girlfriend When You Are Not Yet Licensed To
Posted by: FarmTech - 08-06-2022, 09:31 PM - Forum: Religion - No Replies

The relationship between youths or not yet married adults in modern society is regarded as a boyfriend and girlfriend relationship. This relationship In Christendom— is regarded as an immoral relationship as it is believed a lot of illicit affection and immorality could be perpetrated by both partners in the process. It is still a stage where the partners are not ready to settle down but they have seen each other and sort of "fallen in love" or have been infatuated with each other.

In respect of this, Dr Paul Enenche has shared a message on why young people should not waste their life in the not yet approved relationship. In his words as shared by Church Gist, the cleric has stressed thus, do not waste your life doing boyfriend and girlfriend when you are not yet licensed to think of getting married. The cleric has also Implored people not to waste their lifetime chasing things that do not matter. In his words, he has stressed that, Don't waste your life doing boyfriend and girlfriend when you're not yet licensed to think of getting married. If you're going to get married at the age of 26 or 27 and you're only 17 now, what are you doing with a girl? What is the thought of a man or woman for? You have no business with that realm, this has rendered so many people useless.

According to the cleric, he has also stressed the need for people to stay distinct and maintain a chaste lifestyle. In his words, he has implored that, until you have control of your flesh, you cannot have control of your future. The cleric has advised on the importance of leaving illicit relationships when it is not yet ripe enough to start them. He has advised people to focus on the most important things in life.


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  How Tse-tse Fly can Cause Kidney Damage
Posted by: Henlus - 07-13-2022, 09:54 PM - Forum: Off-Topic - No Replies

Quick Summary: The genetic code to resist sleeping sickness is called the APOL1 gene. And this gene, when activated by a bite from tse tse fly, destroys the kidney filtering system and over time, this eventually lead to kidney failure.

An Important Genetic Cause of Kidney Disease in Nigeria- APOL1 Mediated Kidney Disease

Ever wonder why so many people are falling victim to the problems of kidney failure in Nigeria and sub saharan Africa? Well, recent scientific advances show that the cause of this survival disadvantage in Africa is not only inherited from our parents but is part of our defensive response to overcome African sleeping sickness transmitted by the Tsetse fly. The genetic code to resist sleeping sickness that increases risk for kidney disease is called the APOL1 gene.

The growing problem of kidney disease around the world and in West Africa in particular is alarming. A casual look at social media pages very often show people reaching out for help to deal with the catastrophic physical and financial burden of kidney failure. Many Nigerians know someone personally who has or is suffering from the burden of kidney disease.

What is the reason for this? Well, for decades, the common medical advice has been that high blood pressure, high blood sugar and lifestyle choices like high alcohol intake, smoking and taking toxic herbal medications and remedies are the major causes of kidney disease and kidney failure in Nigeria.

However, recent medical advances in genetic testing and computational science in the last 20 years since the completion of the genome project have indicated that the cause of the plague of kidney disease in Nigeria and the broader sub saharan region is more complicated than just lifestyle choices or blood pressure. The cause seems to be in our cells and this cause has been part of our evolution as a people to survive against things in our environment that could kill us. What in our environment could kill us and make us have to adapt in such a way that we now suffer from kidney disease? Well, the answer has been linked to the story of our relationship with the Tsetse fly.

The Tsetse fly in Western and Sub Saharan Africa causes African sleeping sickness also called African trypanosomiasis. A bite from the tsetse fly releases the parasite into the blood that causes the disease. One of the first historical records of trypanosomiasis is by the famous Arabian geographer Abu Abdallah Yaqut (1179–1229). During his journey into Africa he found in the “Country of Gold” an underground village whose inhabitants and even their dogs were just skin and bones and asleep! The World Health Organization (WHO) in a 1998 report estimated the number of people infected to be about 300 000- likely an underestimation.

The Tsetse fly transmits a very serious and deadly disease called African trypanosomiasis or African sleeping sickness. The first stage of African sleeping sickness, known as the hemolymphatic phase, is characterized by fever, headaches, joint pains, and itching. Invasion of the circulatory and lymphatic systems by the parasites is associated with severe swelling of the lymph nodes, often to tremendous sizes. If left untreated, the disease overcomes the host’s defenses and can cause more extensive damage. The second phase of the disease, the neurological phase, begins when the parasite invades the brain and spinal cord. Disruption of the sleep cycle is a leading symptom of this stage and is the one that gave the disease the name ‘sleeping sickness.’ Infected individuals experience a disorganized and fragmented 24-hour rhythm of the sleep-wake cycle, resulting in daytime sleepiness and nighttime periods of wakefulness.

Human African Trypanosomiasis is causes by trypanosomes transmitted by the tsetse fly.

The 2 main species of the parasite Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense are most common in sub saharan Africa (B). The APOL1 gene is key to natural defenses to this infection and over time Africans have evolved even more effective gene variants to kill trypanosomes that resist the ancestral gene G0. These evolved gene variants are called G1 and G2 with a high prevalence in West Africa. You can see in the middle panel that Nigeria is ground zero and a hot spot for a high number of people with the G1 variant of APOL1.
So what has this history of the tsetse fly and African sleeping sickness got to do with kidney disease in Nigeria and other African countries? Well the story gets more interesting and the picture above tells part of the story where you can see an overlap in the occurrence of African sleeping sickness caused by trypanosomiasis with the defense against the illness. Simply speaking, we humans started competing with the tsetse fly. Over time, people affected by African sleeping sickness developed a resistance coded by a gene on chromosome 22 called the APOL1 gene. This gene produces a protein called APOL1 which circulates in the blood and is the tool the body uses to destroy the parasite injected into the body by the tsetse fly.

Over hundreds of years the parasite evolved resistance to this ancestral APOL1 gene (G0) and in response humans developed even more effective APOL1 called G1 and G2 variants. People with G1 and G2 variants of the APOL1 gene are able to resist infection transmitted by the tsetse fly. Approximately 23-46% of Nigerians have 2 alleles with either G1 and/or G2 while approximately 60% of Nigerians have at least 1 of the 2 genetic variants of APOL1 that also confers resistance to the infection. However, this survival advantage for people with 2 genetic variants of the APOL1 gene has been found to be a 12 times higher risk for progressive kidney disease.

The burden of kidney disease and kidney failure is now so common that several celebrities- a past president, musicians, actors, journalists have succumbed to the complications of this truly devastating disease. We do not know if APOL1 was the cause of their kidney disease but the chances are high that it may have been involved based on emerging research findings

But why does having an APOL1 gene variant increase the risk for kidney disease? Well, that has taken some time to figure out and scientists first figured out how APOL1 kills the trypanosome parasite. Essentially, the parasite while feeding on nutrients in the blood takes in the APOL1. The APOL1 then binds to structures in the parasite causing it to swell up, burst and die. APOL1 protein is also produced in other tissues as well as part of the defense against sleeping sickness infection and most importantly it is produced in the kidney. In the kidney, a special cell called the podocyte that helps in filtering the blood is damaged whenever APOL1 is activated in the kidney. What can activate APOL1 production in the kidney? Anything that injures the kidney or makes it think it is under attack by the parasite transmitted by the tsetse fly. This activated APOL1 in the kidney then kills the podocyte cell in the kidney in very much the same way that it kills the parasite leading to damage to the kidney filtration system of the kidney and eventually to rapidly progressive kidney problems and kidney failure. In fact is has been documented that patients with 2 APOL1 gene variants with kidney disease progress 2-3 times faster to kidney failure than patients with only 1 or no gene variants for the APOL1 gene.


Is there a test for APOL1 gene variants? The answer is yes. However, it is not easy to get by walking into any lab and it is only becoming more commonly available in places like the US. For now it is expensive.

Does everyone with 2 APOL1 genetic variants develop kidney disease? The answer is No and we do not yet know why. However, we do know that something can happen in the life of people with 2 APOL1 gene variants like infection, taking toxins contained in many of our herbal medicines that can hurt the kidney or other health problems that triggers increased production of APOL1 and that leads to accelerated kidney injury.

Does this mean that controlling blood pressure, body weight, blood sugar and avoiding excessive alcohol and smoking are no longer important? Absolutely not. These are still very important causes of kidney disease and can make the kidney disease in many of us who have 2 APOL1 gene variants progress much faster. So please continue to exercise, eat healthy, avoid excess alcohol, avoid smoking, get BP checks and take medication when prescribed.

Can the risk for APOL1 mediated kidney disease be inherited? Yes. If only one parent has a risk gene, it may be inherited by offspring but people with only one gene variant do not appear to be at increased risk for kidney disease. If both parents have the genetic variants, then the children can inherit the genetic variants and be at risk. Remember not all people with 2 variants will develop kidney disease and we do not yet know why.
Can APOL1 mediated kidney disease be treated? Well there are no specific treatments yet for this yet but efforts are under way in the US to develop treatments for this problem.


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