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  Some facts About Biogas
Posted by: Henlus - 05-01-2015, 10:03 PM - Forum: Agro-Processing - Replies (2)

1. Biogas usually contains about 55-65% methane, 30-35% carbon dioxide, and some hydrogen, nitrogen and other impurities. Its heating value is around 600 BTU per cubic foot (21 BTU per litre).

2. Natural gas contains about 80% methane, with a heating value of around 1000 BTU per cubic foot (35 BTU per litre).

3. Filtering biogas, or "scrubbing" it, can remove the carbon dioxide and the other impurities, raising the BTU.

4. There are two basic types of digester, batch digesters and continuous digesters. Batch digesters are filled with a mixture of organic wastes and water (slurry) and sealed, and emptied again when they stop producing gas. Continuous-load digesters are fed a daily load of slurry, with gas and digestion wastes produced continuously.

5. Biogas digestion works best at 25 to 35 deg C, 77-95 deg F.

6. One pound (0.45 kg) of cow manure can produce about one cubic foot of gas (28 litres) at around 28 deg C (82 deg F) — enough to cook a day's meals for 4-6 people in India.

7. About 1.7 cubic metres of biogas (60 cubic feet) equals one litre of gasoline (1/4 gallon). The manure produced by one cow in one year can produce enough methane to replace more than 200 litres of gasoline (53 gallons).

Image source: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/explore/anae...digestion/



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  Oxygenating Fish Pond with Ozone
Posted by: Manihot - 04-04-2015, 02:12 PM - Forum: Aquaculture - Replies (1)

Since ozone contains more oxygen than oxygen itself, and it is 10 times more soluble in water than oxygen. From my research, I see that ozone is easy to produce from oxygen. So I'm thinking of the possibility of oxygenating high density fish ponds with ozone rather than the costly practice of agitating or bubbling air into the water. What do you think?

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  CROWNEY FARMS & SERVICES
Posted by: crowneyfarms - 03-31-2015, 08:44 AM - Forum: Introduction - Replies (2)

We are a group of experienced Nigerian poultry production managers and poultry health professionals who are committed to making your poultry and allied businesses profitable.

We achieve this by providing services on:
Day-old chicks and point-of-lay production & supply;
Poultry production and health consultancy;
Poultry produce (egg and chicken) marketing;
Poultry Farm establishment and management;
Feed mill establishment and management.

Feel free to call upon us concerning any issue about your poultry and allied businesses in Nigeria.
CROWNEY FARMS AND SERVICES
crowneyfarms@gmail.com
07031221037

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  Feeding Sprouted Grain to Goats
Posted by: Trimex - 03-30-2015, 04:41 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (1)

I've read an interesting article about feeding sprouted grains to goats. They said it increase milk yield and digestibility. How do you guys see it? Here is the article http://www.permies.com/t/9274/goats/Sprouting-Goat-Feed.

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  Supplementary Light: am vs pm
Posted by: Trimex - 03-30-2015, 03:36 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (1)

While giving chickens supplementary light, when is the best time to add it? In the early morning or late evening?

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  Moving a broody hen
Posted by: Trimex - 03-30-2015, 03:36 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (1)

Can I move a broody hen and her nest to a new location without discouraging her from hatching the eggs?

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  Feed Consumption and Growth Rate Chart?
Posted by: Trimex - 03-30-2015, 03:35 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (2)

Can some one provide me with a table that shows the growth rate and feed consumption of chickens, goats, rabbits, turkey etc?

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  Why shouldn’t we eat eggs/meat from animals that have been given some medication?
Posted by: Trimex - 03-30-2015, 03:34 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (1)

Why shouldn’t we eat eggs/meat from animals that have been given some medication? I've read about people complaining about this a lot.

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  White vs Brown Eggs
Posted by: Sendrix - 03-30-2015, 12:56 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (1)

Are Brown Eggs More Nutritious than White Eggs?

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  How to Peel Cooked Eggs Easily?
Posted by: Sendrix - 03-30-2015, 12:55 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (4)

It’s funny, but you’ll find out that some eggs are easier to peel than others, why?

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  Powering an Engine with Biogas: How Much Biogas will You Need to Produce Daily?
Posted by: Henlus - 03-29-2015, 04:37 PM - Forum: Agro-Processing - Replies (2)

If you want to use your biogas digester to power an engine, it should be producing at least10 meter cube of biogas per day. To generate 1 kWh (kilowatt hour) of electricity with a generator, about 1m3 biogas is required. So the 10m3 biogas will generate 10kwh of electricity.


Image source: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/explore/anae...digestion/



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  Am new here
Posted by: noblefarm - 03-29-2015, 03:57 PM - Forum: Introduction - Replies (11)

Am a businessman base in Ilorin, I decided to start farm last year, here to seek help from practical farmers

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  Weed Control Using False seedbed
Posted by: Henlus - 03-28-2015, 12:32 PM - Forum: Crops & Plantation Farming - Replies (1)

I got this idea somewhere online:

If the crop is sown directly after preparing the sowing bed by loosening the top few centimetres of soil, the weeds will start to grow before or at the same time as the crop. An alternative is to make a false seedbed, by preparing the soil but not sowing the crop right away. Most of the weed seeds located in the upper layer of soil will germinate and can then be removed with a hoe. If enough time is available, this process can be repeated before the crop is actually sown.

What do you think about it?

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  All poultry farmers and owners
Posted by: Judefarm - 03-26-2015, 09:39 AM - Forum: Introduction - Replies (2)

Hello poultry farmers .  Am new in the business and also into layers .i need as much lectures and advice how to becomes the best in this field .also looking for a farm marketing manager.ur help would be appreciated contact me an email to jude_idehen@yahoo.com thank you

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  Prevention and Treatment of Coccidiosis in Chickens
Posted by: Henlus - 03-25-2015, 06:35 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (13)

Coccidiosis is parasitic disease that affects bird's intestines. There are different species of this parasite. When they infect chickens, they multiple quickly in the intestines and damage the intestinal lining, preventing the birds from absorbing nutrients from their feed. Chicks are mostly affected. Most older birds have already develop immunity against it. However if the environment is full of coccidiosis eggs, even adult birds can succumb to it.
..
Among the many species of coccidiosis, the 3 that cause the most damage to chcikens are Eimeria (E) acervulina, E. Maxima, E. tenella. Immunity is species specific, that is, birds that are immune to E. tenella may not be immune to other species. So for complete immunity, the birds have to be expose to all the species (e.g. through vaccination).
..
Symptoms includes:
1. Diarrhea and/or blood in feces and/or mucuos in feces.
2. Lethargy (weak)
3. Weight lossand watery, whitish diarrhea in older birds and hens at point of lay.
4. Poor growth.
5. Drooping and huddling together.
..
Control/Prevention
1. Give chicks probiotics. The good bacteria in it will kill most of the bad bugs in the chicken's intestine, keeping the gut healthy and making it difficult for coccidiosis to cause damage.
.
2. Vaccinate day old chicks with any coccidiosis vaccine. Non-attenuated coccidiosis vaccines like Cocciva, immucox and Advent can cause lesions and occurence of coccidiosis in birds because they are not attenuated (i.e. not weakened). So you may have to treat for secondary gut diseases (like necrotic enteritis) at 16-17 days using antibiotics or probiotics (fishmeal in feed predispose birds to necrotic enteritis). On the other hand, Paracox, Livacox and Viracox are attenuated (weakened) coccidiosis vaccines but they're more costly. To avoid vaccine failure, make sure that you strictly read and follow the manufacturer's instructions. Note that for coccidiosis vaccines to work, the chicks need access to their feces. So they won't be effective if the chicks are on wire floor. To prevent failure, place boards on the wire floor and leave it their for up to 16 days.
.
3. Use medicated feed for chicks until they build immunity against it. Only do this if you did not vaccinate the chicks against cocci. Giving medicated feed to vaccinated chicks will render the chicks unprotected from cocci. Vaccination is more effective and preferable.
.
4. Keep the brooder and pen clean and dry. Wetness and warmth enourage cocci multiplication. Prevent wet litter.
.
5. Keep water and feed free from droppings.
.
6. Avoid overcrowding
.
7. Practice good biosecurity
.
8. Place drinkers on wire frames so that chicks will not have access to wet spots where cocci easily multiply.
..

Treatment of Coccidiosis
First you have to make sure it is cocci that your birds are suffering from. You need a lab test to confirm this. The test can be done on dead chicks or abnormal chick droppings. Once you've confirm it is cocci, don't waste time. Start treatment immediately. There are many drugs for coccidiosis. Your vet will recommend one after the lab test. It is important to know that coccidiosis can develop resistance against drugs. This is another reason why a lab test is important.
..
For coccidiosis that causes blood in dropping, some farmers who can't afford paying vets treat with amprolium. Blood usually disappear from the dropping within 24 hours. After 2wks the treatment is repeated to kill newly hatched eggs that escaped the first treatment. This second round must be given after 2wks and not within. There are many brands of amprolium drugs, so follow the manufacturer's instruction. After second treatment (esp. when using amprolium), give the birds multivitamin to replace the vitamin B1 lost during treatment. Vitamins must not be given when treating with amprolium because it work by depriving the parasites of vitamin B1 which they can't do without.

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  Ethanol Fuel from Cassava
Posted by: Henlus - 03-07-2015, 11:07 PM - Forum: Agro-Processing - Replies (3)

One day I'll try converting cassava to ethanol. What do you guys think? The ethanol can be use as complete fuel for single cylinder engines like irrigation pump. If you dry it to 99 percent you can mix it with petrol and use in car engine without modification.
..
With the excessive supply of cassava, there is usually glut in different parts of the country. So you can get the cassava at a reasonable price. Another alternative is that you can cultivate your own cassava.

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  What do you mean by dry matter?
Posted by: Manihot - 02-25-2015, 08:13 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (3)

I come across this term when reading something about feed, what does it mean?

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  Baby Rabbit Care
Posted by: Manihot - 02-25-2015, 08:13 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (3)

Please I need some tips about caring for baby rabbits. I’ll like to eliminate any mortality when I start.

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  Excessive Bullying and Fighting in Chickens
Posted by: FarmKing - 02-25-2015, 08:11 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (3)

Now my birds fight a lot. How can I stop them? I don’t want it to get worse.

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  Fermented Feed
Posted by: FarmKing - 02-25-2015, 08:10 PM - Forum: Livestock Farming - Replies (6)

I’ve read so much about fermented feed, but I wonder if anybody here have tried it.

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