The following warnings occurred:
Warning [2] Undefined array key "extra" - Line: 100 - File: inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php 100 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/plugins/google_seo.php 311 require_once
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 require_once
/inc/init.php 235 pluginSystem->load
/global.php 20 require_once
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] Undefined array key "google_seo_thread" - Line: 1127 - File: inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php 1127 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php 173 google_seo_url_hook
/inc/plugins/google_seo.php 311 require_once
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 require_once
/inc/init.php 235 pluginSystem->load
/global.php 20 require_once
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] Undefined array key 1 - Line: 255 - File: inc/plugins/google_seo.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/plugins/google_seo.php 255 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php 1079 google_seo_dynamic
/inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php 1127 google_seo_url_dynamic
/inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php 173 google_seo_url_hook
/inc/plugins/google_seo.php 311 require_once
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 require_once
/inc/init.php 235 pluginSystem->load
/global.php 20 require_once
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] Undefined array key "parent" - Line: 446 - File: inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php 446 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php 1143 google_seo_url_create
/inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php 173 google_seo_url_hook
/inc/plugins/google_seo.php 311 require_once
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 require_once
/inc/init.php 235 pluginSystem->load
/global.php 20 require_once
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] Undefined variable $location - Line: 1249 - File: inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php 1249 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/plugins/google_seo/url.php 173 google_seo_url_hook
/inc/plugins/google_seo.php 311 require_once
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 require_once
/inc/init.php 235 pluginSystem->load
/global.php 20 require_once
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] "continue" targeting switch is equivalent to "break" - Line: 613 - File: inc/plugins/myadvertisements.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 require_once
/inc/init.php 235 pluginSystem->load
/global.php 20 require_once
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] "continue" targeting switch is equivalent to "break" - Line: 654 - File: inc/plugins/myadvertisements.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 require_once
/inc/init.php 235 pluginSystem->load
/global.php 20 require_once
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] "continue" targeting switch is equivalent to "break" - Line: 701 - File: inc/plugins/myadvertisements.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 require_once
/inc/init.php 235 pluginSystem->load
/global.php 20 require_once
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] "continue" targeting switch is equivalent to "break" - Line: 749 - File: inc/plugins/myadvertisements.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 require_once
/inc/init.php 235 pluginSystem->load
/global.php 20 require_once
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] "continue" targeting switch is equivalent to "break" - Line: 801 - File: inc/plugins/myadvertisements.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/class_plugins.php 38 require_once
/inc/init.php 235 pluginSystem->load
/global.php 20 require_once
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] Trying to access array offset on value of type null - Line: 192 - File: inc/plugins/google_seo.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/plugins/google_seo.php 192 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/plugins/google_seo/redirect.php 119 google_seo_tid
/inc/class_plugins.php 142 google_seo_redirect_hook
/global.php 100 pluginSystem->run_hooks
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] Undefined array key "HTTPS" - Line: 45 - File: inc/plugins/google_seo/redirect.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/plugins/google_seo/redirect.php 45 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/plugins/google_seo/redirect.php 246 google_seo_redirect_current_url
/inc/class_plugins.php 142 google_seo_redirect_hook
/global.php 100 pluginSystem->run_hooks
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] Undefined array key "HTTPS" - Line: 45 - File: inc/plugins/google_seo/redirect.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/plugins/google_seo/redirect.php 45 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/plugins/google_seo/redirect.php 246 google_seo_redirect_current_url
/inc/class_plugins.php 142 google_seo_redirect_hook
/global.php 100 pluginSystem->run_hooks
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] Trying to access array offset on value of type null - Line: 14 - File: inc/plugins/cookielaw.php(272) : eval()'d code PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/plugins/cookielaw.php(272) : eval()'d code 14 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/plugins/cookielaw.php 272 eval
/inc/class_plugins.php 142 cookielaw_global_intermediate
/global.php 100 pluginSystem->run_hooks
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] Trying to access array offset on value of type null - Line: 14 - File: inc/plugins/cookielaw.php(272) : eval()'d code PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/plugins/cookielaw.php(272) : eval()'d code 14 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/plugins/cookielaw.php 272 eval
/inc/class_plugins.php 142 cookielaw_global_intermediate
/global.php 100 pluginSystem->run_hooks
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] Undefined variable $unreadreports - Line: 54 - File: global.php(961) : eval()'d code PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/global.php(961) : eval()'d code 54 errorHandler->error_callback
/global.php 961 eval
/showthread.php 28 require_once
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 117 - File: showthread.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/showthread.php 117 errorHandler->error_callback
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 414 - File: showthread.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/showthread.php 414 errorHandler->error_callback
Warning [2] Undefined array key "puppet_master" - Line: 22 - File: inc/plugins/puppet_master/forum.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/plugins/puppet_master/forum.php 22 errorHandler->error_callback
/inc/class_plugins.php 142 puppet_master_insert_options
/showthread.php 471 pluginSystem->run_hooks
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined array key "canviewdeletionnotice" - Line: 939 - File: inc/functions_post.php PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/inc/functions_post.php 939 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1121 build_postbit
Warning [2] Undefined property: MyLanguage::$thread_modes - Line: 47 - File: showthread.php(1650) : eval()'d code PHP 8.1.28 (Linux)
File Line Function
/inc/class_error.php 153 errorHandler->error
/showthread.php(1650) : eval()'d code 47 errorHandler->error_callback
/showthread.php 1650 eval



Home | Contact | Privacy | About |
This forum uses cookies
This forum makes use of cookies to store your login information if you are registered, and your last visit if you are not. Cookies are small text documents stored on your computer; the cookies set by this forum can only be used on this website and pose no security risk. Cookies on this forum also track the specific topics you have read and when you last read them. Please confirm whether you accept or reject these cookies being set.

A cookie will be stored in your browser regardless of choice to prevent you being asked this question again. You will be able to change your cookie settings at any time using the link in the footer.

Prevention and Treatment of Coccidiosis in Chickens
#1
Coccidiosis is parasitic disease that affects bird's intestines. There are different species of this parasite. When they infect chickens, they multiple quickly in the intestines and damage the intestinal lining, preventing the birds from absorbing nutrients from their feed. Chicks are mostly affected. Most older birds have already develop immunity against it. However if the environment is full of coccidiosis eggs, even adult birds can succumb to it.
..
Among the many species of coccidiosis, the 3 that cause the most damage to chcikens are Eimeria (E) acervulina, E. Maxima, E. tenella. Immunity is species specific, that is, birds that are immune to E. tenella may not be immune to other species. So for complete immunity, the birds have to be expose to all the species (e.g. through vaccination or from shredded eggs on the litter).
..
Symptoms includes:
1. Diarrhea and/or blood in feces and/or mucuos in feces.
2. Lethargy (weakness)
3. Weight loss and watery, whitish diarrhea in older birds and hens at point of lay.
4. Poor growth.
5. Drooping and huddling together.
..
Control/Prevention

It is better to control coccidiosis preventively because once coccidiosis strike - even before obvious symptoms appear, the damage to the intestines lining is permanent and it will affect growth and egg production.

To prevent it, medicated feed is used for broilers. The feed contains coccidiosis drug like Diclazuril (at 1ppm or 0.0001% in feed). Other control methods are as follows:

1. Give chicks probiotics for prevention. Probiotics are good bacteria that will kill most of the bad microbes in the chicken's intestine, keeping the gut healthy and making it difficult for coccidiosis to cause damage.
.
2. Vaccinate day old chicks with any coccidiosis vaccine (this is not a must). Non-attenuated coccidiosis vaccines like Cocciva, immucox and Advent can cause lesions and occurance of coccidiosis in birds because they are not attenuated (i.e. not weakened). So you may have to treat for secondary gut diseases (like necrotic enteritis) at 16-17 days after vaccination using antibiotics or probiotics (fishmeal in feed predispose birds to necrotic enteritis). On the other hand, Paracox, Livacox and Viracox are attenuated (weakened) coccidiosis vaccines but they're more costly.

To avoid vaccine failure, make sure that you strictly read and follow the manufacturer's instructions. Note that for coccidiosis vaccines to work, the chicks need access to their feces. Vaccines won't be effective if the chicks are on wire floor. To prevent failure in caged housing, place boards on the wire floor and leave it their for up to 16 days.

3. Use medicated feed for chicks until they build immunity against it. Only do this if you did not vaccinate the chicks against cocci. Giving medicated feed to vaccinated chicks will render the chicks unprotected from cocci. Vaccination is more effective and preferable. But it is very costly. You can do without it.
.
4. Keep the brooder and pen clean and dry. Wetness and warmth encourage coccidosis multiplication. Prevent wet litter.
.
5. Keep water and feed free from droppings.
.
6. Avoid overcrowding
.
7. Practice good biosecurity
.
8. Place drinkers on wire frames so that chicks will not have access to wet spots where cocci easily multiply.
..

Treatment for Coccidiosis
First you have to make sure it is cocci that your birds are suffering from. You need a lab test to confirm this (This isn't a must. In fact, many farmers don't do test. They just focus on the symptoms. The test can be done on dead chicks or abnormal chick droppings. Once you've confirm it is cocci, don't waste time. Start treatment immediately. There are many drugs for coccidiosis. Your vet will recommend one after the lab test. It is important to know that coccidiosis can develop resistance against drugs. This is another reason why a lab test is important.
..
For coccidiosis that causes blood in dropping, some farmers who can't afford paying vets treat with amprolium. Blood usually disappear from the dropping within 24 hours. After 2wks the treatment is repeated to kill newly hatched eggs that escaped the first treatment. This second round must be given after 2wks and not within. There are many brands of amprolium drugs, so follow the manufacturer's instruction. After second treatment (esp. when using amprolium), give the birds multivitamin to replace the vitamin B1 lost during treatment. Multi-Vitamins containing Vit B1 must not be given when treating with amprolium because amprolium work by depriving the parasites of vitamin B1 which they can't do without.

Note: Amprolium is usually combined with ethopabate and sulfaquinoxaline to make it more effective against other species of coccidiosis.

During treatment, antibiotics and multi-vitamins containing vitamins A and K xan be goven to improve rate of recovery and prevent secondary infections.
Reply
#2
Edit: To prevent vaccine failure for chicks in cages, cover about 40% of the wire floor with trays, boards etc and leave it there for up to 5 weeks. This way the chicks will have access to continuous supply of cocci ocyst that will help them develop immunity.
Reply
#3
@henlus, thanks for d info, pls sir, are u saying dat on arrival of ur Doc(either broiler or pullet), dat same day it arrived we need to vaccinate against cocci? And secondly sir, if i'm self milling my own feed what kind of coccidiostat do i add to make it medicated(preventing coccidiosis)
Reply
#4
I think for Immucox, it is given to chicks from 3-5 days old. Follow the manufacturer's instruction. If you mill ur own feed, adding antibiotics will render the vaccine useless, so don't use it.
Reply
#5
@henlus, thank u sir, what if i choice to go with medicated self milling what do i add as coccidiostat in d feed
Reply
#6
You can find a list of coccidiostats here: http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coccidiostat. But it is not advisable because the parasites can develop resistance to them. Vaccination is far better.
.
Edit: You can still use coccidiostats because of cost of vaccines. Prevent resistance by rotating between different groups of coccidiostats.
Reply
#7
@henlus, thanks a million. U are awesome. Thanks for d info and advice.
Reply
#8
Welcome. Are you raising layers?
Reply
#9
@henlus, pls sir, with d maternal antibody still "passively" active within 5 to 7 days in d chicks will it not negatively affect d immucox(cocci) vaccine dat should be adminstered on day 3. (I learnt vaccinating within dis period can be affected by d maternal antibody) pls what is ur take on this?
Reply
#10
Marek's vaccine is also given at day old. The maternal antibodies don't affect some vaccines due to the way they were produced.
Reply
#11
Detailed and nice info. I love this forum. This will become the largest naija agric forum. Amen.
Reply
#12
I like the probiotic idea. Thanks.
Reply
#13
@henlus, thanks for d info
Reply
#14
(03-30-2015, 12:20 PM)Manihot Wrote: Detailed and nice info. I love this forum. This will become the largest naija agric forum. Amen.

A big AMEN. Thanks everyone.
Reply
#15
Composition of Vitacox Plus WSP
Vitacox Plus contains per gram:

Sulphadimidine sodium: 400mg

Sulphaquinoxaline sodium : 150mg

Diaveridine HCL:                50mg

Vitamin A:                            15,000 IU

Vitamin K3:                          5mg

Vitacox Plus WSP
Vitacox Plus WSP is a combination of two anti-bacterial and coccidiocidal drugs of the sulpha-group; as well as the synergetic antibacterial drug diaveridine and two essential vitamins A and E for recovery from haemorrhagic lesions

This product is effective for the prevention and treatment of the following diseases:

Poultry: Intestinal coccidiosis, mixed coccidial and bacterial infections, Pullorum disease, fowl typhoid, E. coli infections.
Calves, lambs, and piglets: Enteritis caused by coccidial and bacterial infections.
Rabbits: Intestinal coccidiosis and bacterial infections.

Vitacox Plus WSP: Dosage and Administration
For oral administration via drinking water.
General dose: 100g per 100 litres of drinking water or 1gram per 10kg body-weight for three days and repeated dose for 2 days after a 1-day interval (3-1-2 method) Medicated drinking water should be used within 24 hours.

Precaution
Do not combine Vitacox Plus with other anti-bacterial, coccidiostats or coccidiocidal drugs.

Withdrawal period
Meat: Ruminants, piglets = 14 days.
Rabbits, poultry = 8 days.
Eggs: 4 days
Reply
#16
(03-30-2015, 12:44 PM)Sendrix Wrote: I like the probiotic idea. Thanks.

But note that you can only use it for prevention. Not for treatment.
Reply


Possibly Related Threads…
Thread Author Replies Views Last Post
  How to Encourage Goats to Drink more Water Henlus 0 197 12-10-2023, 09:01 PM
Last Post: Henlus
  Melange Farming of Catfish more profitable Sendrix 0 154 10-19-2023, 10:37 PM
Last Post: Sendrix
  Pig Farming: Hot Useful Tips Henlus 37 1,322 10-01-2023, 01:36 PM
Last Post: Henlus
  Space Requirement for Layers Hilux 1 2,464 09-28-2023, 07:27 PM
Last Post: Henlus
  Goats: How much feed will a goat need per day Manihot 15 21,018 09-17-2023, 10:02 PM
Last Post: Henlus
  Broiler Feed and Growth Chart Henlus 6 454 03-24-2023, 11:10 PM
Last Post: Henlus
  House Size For Chicken Charly 2 4,349 03-15-2023, 07:38 PM
Last Post: Henlus
  Chickens: Feed Consumption and Growth Rate Chart? Trimex 4 4,007 01-20-2023, 06:16 AM
Last Post: Hunter
  Chickens: Chicken Infected with Fowlpox Even After Vaccination? FarmTech 7 6,037 12-04-2022, 07:34 AM
Last Post: FarmTech
  lasota vaccination Anebi 3 4,184 11-05-2022, 10:55 PM
Last Post: Sendrix



Users browsing this thread: 1 Guest(s)